Live black carbon u

Continuously record endpoint activities and store centrally for rapid access. Roll back the tape at any time, often shortening investigation time from days to minutes. Time is critical for incident response.

VMware Carbon Black helps you use it to your advantage. Live Response allows you to remotely investigate and remediate any endpoint, drastically reducing IT overhead and the need for reimaging. Gain more visibility and control. Detailed process trees reveal the root cause of every attack, so you can quickly close security gaps and stop future attacks. We help you gain critical insights on threats to stay ahead of attacks.

To learn how we can help you minimize downtime to endpoints with cloud response tools, schedule a demo today with one of our security engineers. Charles River Associates is a trusted provider of cybersecurity and incident response services. Use Case. Challenges and Solutions. Challenge Slow response time Slow response time Outdated approaches are less effective Complexity in understanding attack.

Solution Continuously record endpoint activities and store centrally for rapid access. Solution Live Response allows you to remotely investigate and remediate any endpoint, drastically reducing IT overhead and the need for reimaging. Solution Detailed process trees reveal the root cause of every attack, so you can quickly close security gaps and stop future attacks.

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VMware Carbon Black for Incident Response To learn how we can help you minimize downtime to endpoints with cloud response tools, schedule a demo today with one of our security engineers. View All Products. Customer Success Stories. Charles River Associates Charles River Associates is a trusted provider of cybersecurity and incident response services.

See All Customer Success Stories. Related Resources.Audit system state at scale, automate reporting, perform comprehensive investigations and remote remediations all from a single cloud-based platform. Security and IT teams often have no reliable way to audit system state at scale across their enterprise.

Easily access artifacts from all devices on demand, enabling quick, confident decisions that improve security posture. Security teams are often forced to play catch-up during urgent scenarios because there is limited time to perform in-depth audits and fix misconfigurations on a regular basis.

Carbon Black Cloud Audit and Remediation helps automate reporting on patch levels, user privileges, disk encryption status and more to track configuration drift and maintain the desired state of their environment over time. Carbon Black Cloud Audit and Remediation closes the gap between the security and infrastructure teams, allowing administrators to perform comprehensive investigations and remote remediations all from a single cloud-based platform.

Security administrators can create a secure remote shell into any protected device to apply updates or run scripts for full remediation in minutes. Tasked with the job of investing in cybersecurity, Progress Residential discovered the power of a single platform.

Schedule a Demo Download Datasheet.

live black carbon u

Assess and Harden System State. Inspect Devices Security and IT teams often have no reliable way to audit system state at scale across their enterprise.

Track and Report on Drift Security teams are often forced to play catch-up during urgent scenarios because there is limited time to perform in-depth audits and fix misconfigurations on a regular basis. Respond Immediately Carbon Black Cloud Audit and Remediation closes the gap between the security and infrastructure teams, allowing administrators to perform comprehensive investigations and remote remediations all from a single cloud-based platform.

Customer Success Stories. Progress Residential Tasked with the job of investing in cybersecurity, Progress Residential discovered the power of a single platform. Learn More. See All Customer Success Stories. Selected Use Cases. Risk and Compliance Reduce risk, lower liability and prove control compliance. Incident Response Minimize downtime to endpoints with live response tools.

Threat Hunting Proactively explore your environment for abnormal behavior. Managed Detection Managed alert monitoring and triage. Audit and Remediation Real-time device assessment and remediation. Enterprise EDR Threat hunting and containment.Carbon is an incredible element. Arrange carbon atoms in one way, and they become soft, pliable graphite.

Re-jigger the arrangement, and — presto! Carbon is also the key ingredient for most life on Earth; the pigment that made the first tattoos; and the basis for technological marvels such as graphene, which is a material stronger than steel and more flexible than rubber. Carbon occurs naturally as carbon, which makes up almost 99 percent of the carbon in the universe; carbon, which makes up about 1 percent; and carbon, which makes up a minuscule amount of overall carbon but is very important in dating organic objects.

As the sixth-most abundant element in the universe, carbon forms in the belly of stars in a reaction called the triple-alpha process, according to the Swinburne Center for Astrophysics and Supercomputing.

In older stars that have burned most of their hydrogenleftover helium accumulates. Each helium nucleus has two protons and two neutrons. Under very hot temperatures — greater thanKelvinThe end result: Atoms with six protons and six neutrons — carbon.

Carbon is a pattern maker. It can link to itself, forming long, resilient chains called polymers. It can also bond with up to four other atoms because of its electron arrangement. Atoms are arranged as a nucleus surrounded by an electron cloud, with electrons zinging around at different distances from the nucleus.

Chemists conceive of these distances as shells, and define the properties of atoms by what is in each shell, according to the University of California, Davis. Carbon has two electron shells, with the first holding two electrons and the second holding four out of a possible eight spaces.

When atoms bond, they share electrons in their outermost shell. Carbon has four empty spaces in its outer shell, enabling it to bond to four other atoms. It can also bond stably to fewer atoms by forming double and triple bonds.

In other words, carbon has options. And it uses them: Nearly 10 million carbon compounds have been discovered, and scientists estimate that carbon is the keystone for 95 percent of known compounds, according to the website Chemistry Explained. Carbon's incredible ability to bond with many other elements is a major reason that it is crucial to almost all life. Carbon's discovery is lost to history.

What Does Carbon Do for Human Bodies?

The element was known to prehistoric humans in the form of charcoal. Carbon as coal is still a major source of fuel worldwide, providing about 30 percent of energy worldwide, according to the World Coal Association. Coal is also a key component in steel production, while graphite, another form of carbon, is a common industrial lubricant.

Carbon is a radioactive isotope of carbon used by archaeologists to date objects and remains. Carbon is naturally occurring in the atmosphere. Plants take it up in respiration, in which they convert sugars made during photosynthesis back into energy that they use to grow and maintain other processes, according to Colorado State University. Animals incorporate carbon into their bodies by eating plants or other plant-eating animals. Carbon has a half-life of 5, years, meaning that after that time, half of the carbon in a sample decays away, according to the University of Arizona.

Because organisms stop taking in carbon after death, scientists can use carbon's half-life as a sort of clock to measure how long it has been since the organism died. This method works on once-living organisms, including objects made of wood or other plant material.

Carbon is a long-studied element, but that doesn't mean there isn't more to discover. In fact, the same element that our prehistoric ancestors burned as charcoal may be the key to next-generation tech materials. By vaporizing graphite with lasers, the scientists created a mysterious new molecule made of pure carbon, according to the American Chemical Society.

This molecule turned out to be a soccer-ball-shaped sphere made of 60 carbon atoms. The research team named their discovery the buckminsterfullerene after an architect who designed geodesic domes. The molecule is now more commonly known as the "buckyball.Black soot spewn from cars and burning fossil fuels can find its way into the womb where a fetus is developing, according to a new study.

The researchers found that the amount of soot, also called black carbon, embedded in the fetus side of the placenta correlates to the estimated air pollution found near the expectant mother's home, they described online Sept. All the organ systems are in development. For the protection of future generations, we have to reduce exposure," said study co-author Tim Nawrot at Hasselt University in Belgium, in an interview with The Guardian.

Even so, the researchers can't say whether those particles actually get into the fetus, they noted in the paper. Toxic particles found floating in polluted air have been spotted in placentas before, and a study presented at a conference in revealed that inhaled black carbon — a component of soot — can enter the placenta through the mother's bloodstream.

But previous research failed to confirm that the soot could then move from the maternal placenta, made from the mother's uterine tissue, to the part of the placenta made from tissues that form the developing child and so are accessible to the fetus.

The new study supplies this evidence. The researchers gathered placental samples from more than 20 nonsmoking women in the Belgian town of Hasselt and exposed the tissue to ultrafast laser bursts, according to Science News. The technique excites negatively charged particles within each sample and causes different tissues to radiate colored light — red for collagen, green for placental cells and white for black carbon.

They found an average of 9, soot particles per cubic millimeter about the volume of a grain of salt in the placentas of women who lived a far distance from main roads and areas of high pollutionThe Guardian reported. In comparison, women living in more polluted areas accumulated about 20, particles of black carbon per cubic millimeter on the fetal side of their placentas.

A mother's exposure to air pollution has long been linked to heightened risk of preterm birth, low birth weight and miscarriage, but the dangers were attributed to inflammation in the mother herself, particularly in the uterus.

The new study suggests "air pollution itself is getting into the developing baby," Kalkbrenner said.

live black carbon u

Metal contaminantsincluding lead, have been shown to cross the placental barrier and disrupt the development of the fetus and even lead to miscarriages and stillbirths, according to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Synthetic chemicals, including pesticides and flame retardants, can also transfer into the placenta and harm the fetus, scientists reported in in the journal Current Environmental Health Reports.

Originally published on Live Science. Live Science. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. The fetal placenta lies on the other side of the placental barrier, a wall of tissue that separates the mother's blood from the developing baby's.The element carbon is not found in a pure form in the human body, but rather in compounds within the body. Carbon constitutes roughly 18 percent of body mass, and millions of carbon atoms form the thousands of molecules in virtually every cell.

Carbon is the basic building block required to form proteins, carbohydrates and fats, and it plays a crucial role in regulating the physiology of the body. Gaseous and liquid compounds that contain carbon also can affect the body. Cellular respiration is a process through which the body releases energy stored in glucose, which is a compound composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.

That energy is used to produce adenosine triphosphate, or ADP, which scientists call the "energy currency" of the cell. During respiration, the body oxidizes glucose and energy is released. The oxygen in the compound is reduced to water, while the carbon atoms in the glucose are released as carbon dioxide.

Scientists estimate that a human being breathes about 20, times a day, thanks to the components of the respiratory system -- the nose, throat, windpipe, voice box and lungs. The air that people breathe consists of several gases, with oxygen most important for cell growth and energy.

Carbon dioxide, a waste gas, is produced when carbon is mixed with oxygen during cellular metabolism. It is possible, though, to have too much or too little carbon dioxide in the blood.

Too much carbon dioxide can be associated with such conditions as Cushing's syndrome, Conn's syndrome, severe vomiting, restriction of blood flow and lung ailments. Too little carbon dioxide, often caused by hyperventilation, can make muscles tense and cause people to become tense, anxious, stressed and even aggressive. A carbon-based substance, activated charcoal -- very fine particles -- can be a life-saver.

It is a highly porous substance, able to bind many harmful substances, and often is used in hospital emergency rooms to treat drug overdoses and chemical poisonings. It is given by mouth to conscious patients, and through a tracheal tube in unconscious patients. The drug or chemical attaches to the surface of the charcoal. Because charcoal is not "digested," it stays inside the gastrointestinal tract and eliminates the toxin through bowel movements.

Activated charcoal also is used to reduce intestinal gas and treat bile flow problems during pregnancy. Carbon monoxide can kill. The gas forms when there is not enough oxygen to produce carbon dioxide -- essentially when the carbon in fuel is not burned completely.

Carbon monoxide prevents oxygen in the blood from being carried throughout the body, causing asphyxiation. Exposure to carbon monoxide can severely affect the elderly and people with cardiovascular or lung disease. Low concentrations can cause headache, loss of alertness, nausea, fatigue, hyperventilation, confusion and disorientation. High concentrations can result in a coma or death.CNN From using less plastic to eating less meatit seems like almost all anyone is talking about these days are ways to reduce our carbon footprints.

More Videos How everyone can do their bit to fight the climate crisis But what is a carbon footprintexactly? And how is it related to the climate crisis? Here are some answers. A carbon footprint is basically the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions that anything -- a person, organization, event or product -- has produced.

Greenhouse gases are the gases in the atmosphere that produce the "greenhouse effect" and contribute to global warming and climate change. So your carbon footprint a way to measure the environmental impact your lifestyle has. For example, if you drive to work every day your carbon footprint might be bigger than someone who relies on public transport because you're emitting more greenhouse gas. Read More.

It works by summing up the emissions from all your activities -- everything from what you eat to what setting you wash your clothes with. It's all measured in CO2ewhich stands for carbon dioxide equivalent and is a standard unit for measuring carbon footprints. It essentially takes any quantity or type of greenhouse gas and expresses it in the amount of CO2 that would have the equivalent global warming impact.

It just allows us to easily compare impacts across different gases. There are a number of online calculators that can help you figure out your carbon footprint, including one by The Nature Conservancy and another from the US Environmental Protection Agency. Once you know your carbon footprint, and what part of your lifestyle contributes the most to it, you can then find ways to lessen your impact.

Meat products have bigger carbon footprints per calorie than grains or vegetables. That's because animals like cattle, sheep and goats produce a lot of methane gas.

Inthey produced million metric tons in CO2e of methane, according to a carbon footprint fact sheet compiled by the Center for Sustainable Systems at the University of Michigan. And yes, all that ends up in the atmosphere. Meat isn't the only problem, the center says. Vegetables, meanwhile, contribute a mere 4. The center found that on average, one American household emits 8. Yes, that's TONS. And the fact sheet points out that if you follow the speed limit, not only will you not get a ticket, you'll also improve your fuel economy and, by extension, shrink your carbon footprint through greater fuel efficiency.

You'll also be better off -- literally. The center found that when driving 50 mph or more, every 5 mph increase is equivalent to paying between 20 and 40 cents more per gallon. Speaking of your commute: Transportation is one of the biggest producers of CO2only behind electricity generation, according to environmental advocacy group NuEnergy. Reducing waste, surprise surprise, actually makes a difference.

And that's not just recycling, that's also simply by buying products with less packaging and refusing plastic bags at the grocery store.Two degrees Celsius may not seem like much, but on our planet, it could be the difference between thriving life and a disastrous climate. Over two centuries of burning fossil fuels have added up, and global decision-makers and business leaders are focusing in on carbon emissions as a key issue.

In terms of absolute emissions, the heavy hitters are immediately obvious.

Facts About Carbon

The world is home to over 7. How do these carbon emissions shake out on a per capita basis?

live black carbon u

Source: Global Carbon Atlas. We know that rapid urbanization and industrialization have had an impact on carbon emissions entering the atmosphere, but at what rate?

Climate data scientist Neil Kaye answers the question from a different perspective, by mapping what percentage of emissions have been created during your lifetime since the Industrial Revolution:. Put another way, the running total of emissions is growing at an accelerating rate. In order to be a decarbonised economy bywe have to bend the emissions curve by … Not only is it urgent and necessary, but actually we are very nicely on our way to achieving it.

Get your mind blown on a daily basis:. The pace of mainstream EV adoption has been slow, but is expected to accelerate as automakers overcome these five critical challenges. Many would agree that a global shift to electric vehicles EV is an important step in achieving a carbon-free future. However, for various reasons, EVs have so far struggled to break into the mainstream, accounting for just 2.

To understand why, this infographic from Castrol identifies the five critical challenges that EVs will need to overcome. All findings are based on a survey of 10, consumers, fleet managers, and industry specialists across eight significant EV markets. Cars have relied on the internal combustion engine ICE since the early s, and as a result, the ownership experience of an EV can be much more nuanced. This results in the five critical challenges we examine below.

Though many cheaper EV models are being introduced, ICE vehicles still have the upper hand in terms of initial affordability. Taking into account all of the running and maintenance costs of [an EV], we have already reached relative cost parity in terms of ownership.

For starters, an EV drivetrain has significantly fewer moving parts than an ICE equivalent, which could result in lower repair costs. Government subsidies and the cost of electricity are other aspects to consider.

So what is the tipping price that would convince most consumers to buy an EV? According to Castrol, it differs around the world. Many budget-conscious buyers also rely on the used market, in which EVs have little presence. Most ICE vehicles can be refueled in a matter of minutes, but there is much more uncertainty when it comes to charging an EV. Even with an upgraded fast charger kW powerthis could still take up to 4 hours. The good news? Next-gen charging systems capable of fully charging an EV in 20 minutes are slowly becoming available around the world.

Similar to the EV adoption tipping price, Castrol has also identified a charge time tipping point—the charge time required for mainstream EV adoption. Traditional gas-powered vehicles, on the other hand, typically have a range between miles. For the majority of consumers to consider an EV, the following range requirements will need to be met by vehicle manufacturers.


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